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Identification of controls - Light Motor Vehicle

Automatic Gear Box
The aim is to familiarise a learner driver with the major visual components of a motor vehicle. The intention is also to assist the learner driver to identify the controls that needs to be used in conjunction to complete a certain manoeuvre or action. The controls/components of a Light Motor Vehicle automatic gear box is as follows.

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1. Centre rear view mirror - used to see the rear of your vehicle.

2. Window wiper - used to clean the front windscreen of the vehicle and when driving in the rain.

3. Left and right rear view mirrors - used to look what is on the right & left hand rear-side of your vehicle

4. Steering wheel - used to change the direction of the vehicle ie. turning left or right or keeping the vehicle on a straight path.

5. Indicator light switch - used to advise other road users of your intention to steer to the left or right, or to turn to the left or right. (especially when changing lanes).

6. Gear level - *(P-D-R-2-1)→ used to change/select a gear. * represents the following: P-park, D-drive, R-reverse, 2-lower gear, 1-higher gear.

7. Hand brake - used to ensure that your parked vehicle does not move. Also used when parking and leaving a vehicle unattended. (Note that some vehicles might have the hand brake as a foot operated control (e.g. Mercedes-Benz).

8. Clutch Pedal - used when engaging or disengaging a gear or changing from one gear to another.

9. Brake Pedal - used to stop your vehicle used to decrease speed or stop also used avoid the vehicle stalling just before coming to a complete standstill.

When braking the distance it takes the driver of a motor vehicle to stop is,
(i) longer on a wet road than on a dry road.
(ii) longer if the vehicle is travelling at a higher speed.
(iii) longer if the vehicle is loaded.

10. Accelerator Pedal - used to accelerate your vehicle.The speed of the vehicle can be increased or decreased by this control.

11. Horn - used to alert other road users in order to avoid a collision.